Sophia Elizabeth Brenner (1659-1730)
Den Svenska Jordegumman
Hedwig Charlotta Nordenflycht (1718-1763)
Den sorjande Turturduvan
Frumtimrets forsvar Emot JJ Rousseau
Anna Maria Rückerschöld (1725-1805)
cookbooks and more
Anna Maria Lenngren (1754-1817)
Nagra ord till min kara dotter, ifall jag hade nagon
Marta Helena Reenstierna (
Malla Montgomery Silverstolpe (1782-1861)
memoirs of salons
Julia Christina Nyberg (1785-1854) a.k.a. Euphrosyne
Fredrika Bremer (1801-1865)
Wilhelmina Gravallius (1809-1884)
Marie Sophie Schwartz (1819-1884)
Sophie von Knorring ( 1797-1848)
Emily Flygare-Carlen (1802-1892)
Sophie Leijonhufvud Adlersparre (1823-1895)
Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom said:
"Sometimes nature itself makes exceptions and puts positive, masculine genius in a female body. From this anomaly come educated women, artists, and heroines, of whom three or four have justifiably won the world's admiration. Their lot, however, is not to be desired. They must surrender all claim to female happiness."
Carl och Edvard Carlsson Sedolärande Mercurius (1730-31)
Olof Dalin Then Swänska Argus (1732-34)
The Department of History at Thiel College invites applications for a
full-time, tenure-track Assistant Professor in European History, with a
preference for the early modern or modern era. In addition, a
secondary field in public history, women and gender history, or a
non-Western area is preferred. The candidate will participate in
teaching in the Department and Thiel College’s Seminar series. The
position offers attractive opportunities for collaboration, exploration,
and curriculum development in a liberal arts college context.
The teaching load is four courses per semester, and includes
responsibility for courses in European history, SEMS 200: Western
Traditions, and specialized courses in the candidate’s field of
interest. A Ph.D. in History is required by the date of hire for
appointment as Assistant Professor. Demonstrated successful college
teaching experience, evidence of scholarship, and excellent
communication skills are also required.
The Division of Humanities invites applications for a tenure-track
position at the rank of Assistant Professor of World History. The ideal
candidate will have a geographic focus in either Africa or Europe. A
secondary area of interest and experience in Women and Gender Studies
and/or Public History is preferable. Candidates must have a Ph.D. in
History at date of appointment and be able to demonstrate a strong
commitment to teaching.
Northwest Missouri State
Primary Duties: To teach courses in Early-Modern and
Modern European History, including courses in Western Civilization and
upper-division and graduate courses. Upper-division teaching load may
include courses in Russian History, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and
Research Methods. Successful candidates will demonstrate a strong
commitment to teaching within a comprehensive state university, student
and university service, and the promise of scholarly achievement. August
2015 start date.
University of Kentucky
The Department of Gender and Women’s Studies at the University of
Kentucky seeks applications for a full-time, tenure track, assistant
professorship to begin August 2015 with teaching and research interests
such as but not limited to transnational feminisms, masculinities, and
transgender studies. We seek candidates who can participate fully in the
research, teaching, and service of the Department of Gender and Women’s
Studies. We are searching for an innovative teacher who can teach a
broad range of required core courses in our undergraduate and graduate
curriculum including large-lecture introductory classes. Candidates are
expected to have a Ph.D. in hand or by August 2015. A Ph.D. or a
graduate certificate/concentration, in feminist studies/gender and
women’s studies is preferred. Applicants must demonstrate exceptional
promise as scholars and teachers, as well as a strong commitment to
departmental and university service. We offer an undergraduate major and
minor program, a graduate certificate, and a Ph.D. The Gender and
Women’s Studies Department encourages research and teaching
collaborations with other interdisciplinary networks, departments, and
Saint Xavier University
The Department of History and Political Science at Saint Xavier
University seeks a full-time, tenure-track assistant professor in
European history beginning Fall 2015. Area of specialization is open;
however, the department desires a candidate who can contribute broadly
to the departmental and university curriculum. Responsibilities include
teaching the two-semester world history survey, a survey of modern
Europe, and other courses in the candidate’s areas of expertise and
interest. The successful candidate will exhibit a strong commitment to
innovative undergraduate teaching and advising, scholarly productivity,
and broad service to the department and university. A Ph.D. in history
is required by the start of the appointment. Teaching experience
preferred. A working knowledge of instructional technology and learning
outcomes assessment is desired.
Administrative European Studies Librarian
The European Studies Librarian is a tenure track library faculty
position in the Humanities and Social Sciences Library (Library West).
The ESL assesses needs and establishes outreach
to the students and faculty of the Department of Languages, Literatures,
and Cultures, as well as providing in-depth consultations and engaging
in user evaluation and analysis to stay abreast of needs and
departmental focus. Responsible for the overall development, management
and coordination of the George A. Smathers Libraries resources in all
formats for the European languages, literatures and cultures collections
(Spanish, French, Italian, and Portuguese). This position supports the
University’s academic program in these subject areas as well as in
interdisciplinary humanities programs supported by the University’s
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Responsible for analyzing the
University’s program in Languages, Literatures and Cultures and
collaborating with librarians and the academic faculty to establish
collection profiles, selection guidelines, and preservation, location
and cataloging priorities. Evaluates existing collection strengths and
current collecting intensities. Provides specialized reference services
and library instruction for the study of European languages and
cultures. In collaboration with the Arabic, Germanic, Slavic Studies
Librarian and others, acts as Libraries’ liaison to the various Centers
on campus. Provides general reference and instruction services to
students, faculty, staff, and visitors at the Library West Research
Assistance Desk, as well as online through the Ask-A-Librarian chat and
texting service, email and via telephone queries.
Renaissance Society of America
The Executive Director is the chief administrative officer of the RSA.
Duties include the administration and oversight of the daily operations
of the Society, office personnel, the Society’s website, and RSA’s
program activities, which include several book series and Renaissance News and Notes. Renaissance Quarterly
has its own editors for articles and reviews, but the Executive
Director oversees its general management, working with the
representatives of the University of Chicago Press. The Executive
Director will know the constitution and by-laws of the Society and over
time will embody the institutional memory of the Society. He or she will
represent the interests of the RSA to the like-minded organizations
represented in the American Council of Learned Societies, as well as to
regulatory bodies, the media, and the broader educational community. He
or she works with the Board and office staff to assess members’ needs;
creates and implements programs and services of value and interest to
existing and prospective members; develops strategies for membership
recruitment and retention; manages member relations and communications.
He or she collaborates with the Board on staffing requirements,
organizational management, and the effectiveness of overall operations.
Butterfly House Discovery Tour
11:00 a.m. first Sat. of every month 3601 Martin Luther King Jr Blvd. Dallas, TX 214-428-7476
Sons of Hermann Hall Swing Dancing every Wednesday 9-12 pm 3414 Elm St.Dallas,
Sur La Table cooking classes
4527 Travis Street, Suite A
Dallas, Texas 75205
The above fromThe Gentleman's Magazine, and Historical Chronicle, for the Year 1854, Volume 195, page 551
Reverend Nicolas Carter, perpetual curate of
Deal Chapel, an accomplished linguist and author of several
pamphlets. His first wife was Margaret Swayne, an heiress who is
supposed to have married with a fortune of £15,000 which she lost
in the South Sea Bubble in 1720. After she died in 1728?, Nicolas
Carter married again. His second wife was Mary Bean.
The above taken from Church History of Kent: from the earliest period to the year MDCCCLVIII, by Thomas Timpson. pages 411-12.
BEHOLD a Lady floating on the surface of Theology! The lightness of her dress keeps her above water--ah! no--she sinks--stretch out a pitying hand to save her--she's gone! Seriously, this female Mind, if it is really a female Mind, would have been much better employed in attending the progress of Pickles and Conserves than in pursuing those abstruse enquiries, which require a depth of erudition, and a reach of thought, that few Ladies can attain. --from The Monthly Review; or, Literary Journal, by several hands. London: R. Griffith, 1764, p. 237
Family Father was Nicholas Carter Mother was Margaret, only daughter .and heiress of Richard Swayne *, Esq. by a daughter of Thomas Trenchard, of Wolverton, and Lychet Maltravers, Esq.
With Margaret dad had Elizabeth, John Carter who left three daughters, and Margaret who married Thomas Pennington and left Thomas (Rector of x) and Montagu. Also Nicholas and James who both died early.
With Mary he had Mary, married to Andrew Douglas, and Henry (Rector of x)
Chronology (some from EB 1911):
1734 first publication - verses by 'Eliza' in the Gentleman's Magazine
1738-39 in London w Birch and Johnson
1738 Poems upon Particular Occasions
1739 translation of Crousaz's An Examination of Mr. Pope's Essay on Man
1739 translation of Algarotti's Sir Isaac Newton'sPhilosophy explained for the use of the Ladies, in six Dialogueson Light and Colour 1739 - in June - Carter supposedly leaves London abrubtly ... (Hawley? Ruhe?)
1741 First meeting / letters w Miss Talbot
1747 ‘Ode to Wisdom’ in Gentleman's Magazine, corrected version after Richardson's theft
1750 Rambler 44
1751 Rambler 100
1753?Remarks on the Athanasian Creed; on a sermon
preached at the parish church of Deal, October 15, 1752; and on a
pamphlet, lately published, with the title, "Some short and plain
arguments, from scripture, evidently proving the divinity of Our
Saviour." In a letter to the Rev. Mr. Randolph, Rector of Deal.
1757 (1751) book 1, ode 15, of Duncombe's The Works of Horace in Several Hands.
1758 Epictetus (work started in 1749) 1762 Poems on Several Occasions
1763 Goes to Spa with Montagu
1776 Poems on Several Occasions (3rd edition w. six new poems, says Hawley)
1780 Fanny Burney writes about meeting Carter the first time 1796 - Count de Bedee translates/publishes "Twelve Poems translated into French: ..."
Talbot did #30, Richardson #97 (the best seller), Hester Mulso Chapone did four letters for #10, Garrick did some of #15 and Joseph Simpson did part of #107>
(1717-1806), English poet and translator,
daughter of the Rev. Nicholas Carter, was born at Deal, in Kent, on the
16th of December 1717. Dr Carter educated his children, boys and girls,
alike; but Elizabeth's slowness tired his patience, and it was only by
great perseverance that she conquered her natural incapacity for
learning. She studied late at night and early in the morning, taking
snuff and chewing green tea to keep herself awake; thus causing severe
injury to her health. She learned Greek and Latin, and Dr Johnson said
concerning a celebrated scholar that he “understood Greek better than
any one whom he had ever known except Elizabeth Carter.” She learned
also Hebrew, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and lastly
some Arabic. She studied astronomy, ancient geography, and ancient and
Edward Cave was a friend of Dr Carter, and in 1734 some
of Elizabeth's verses, signed “Eliza,” appeared in the Gentleman's Magazine, to which she contributed for many years. In 1738 Cave published her Poems upon Particular Occasions; in 1739 she translated from the French an attack on Pope's Essay on Man by J. P. de Crousaz; and in the same year appeared her translation from the Italian of Algarotti's Newtonianismo per le Dame, under the title of Sir Isaac Newton'sPhilosophy explained for the use of the Ladies, in six Dialogueson Light and Colour. Why did she move back home???
Her translation of Epictetus (1758) was undertaken in 1749 to please
her friends, Thomas Seeker (afterwards archbishop of Canterbury) and his
niece, Catherine Talbot, to whom the translation was sent, sheet by
sheet, as it was done. In 1762 Miss Carter printed a second collection
of Poems on Several Occasions. Her letters to Miss Talbot contain
an account of a tour on the continent undertaken in 1763 in company
with Edward and Elizabeth Montagu and William Pulteney, 1st earl of
Bath. Dr Carter, from 1762 to his death in 1774, lived with his daughter
in a house at Deal, which she had purchased. An annuity was settled on
her by Sir William Pulteney and his wife, who had inherited Lord Bath's
fortune; and she had another annuity from Mrs Montagu. Among Miss
Carter's friends and correspondents were Samuel Johnson, Bishop Butler,
Richard Savage, Horace Walpole, Samuel Richardson, Edmund Burke, Hannah
More, and Elizabeth Vesey, who was a leader of literary society. She
died in Clarges Street, Piccadilly, on the 19th of February 1806. Her Memoirs
were published in 1807; her correspondence with Miss Talbot and Mrs
Vesey in 1809; and her letters to Mrs Montagu in 1817. See also A Woman of Wit and Wisdom (1906), a biography by Alice C. C. Gaussen.
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Educated by her father - WITH siblings male and female - she was sent to Canterbury for a year to learn French in the house of a Huguenot refugee - "she also learned the common branches of needle-work, which she practiced to the very last; and music, in which, though very fond of it, she never seems to have made any considerable progress" (Pennington 12). Apparently it was difficult for her to learn at first, enough that dad suggested she stop, but she kept on (Pennington 11). "She rose early, and, to keep her attention from flagging at night, she
took snuff, bound wet towels round her head and chewed green tea and
coffee" (find source). She is sent to London to stay with friends and one or two uncles and "generally passed great part of the winter" there (Pennington 13)
Later in life she learned Portuguese ... Arabick, astronomy, ancient geography ... and Religion (Pennington 16-17)
What do we know about Nicholas Carter, "perpetual curate of a chapel at Deal, and one of the six preachers at Canterbury"According to Montagu Pennington he was a "graduate of Emanuel College in Cambridge and was considered a serious
scholarin the Latin, Greek, and Hebrew languages. Later in his life, he became Rector
of Woodchurch and of Ham as well as one of the six preachers in the Cathedral
Church of Canterbury. His tracts of controversial divinity and a volume of his
sermons demonstrate his deep knowledge of the Scriptures"
Father's poem on court life - 15
From father to Eliza “I must do you the justice to say, that I think you are an exception. I am extremely unwilling to cross your inclination in any thing, because your behavior to me is more than unexeptionable. I leave you, therefore, to act agreeably to your own judgement. My exceeding
fondness of you must necessarily make me anxious and fearful; but it does not
prevent me from being convinced that I may safely leave a great deal to your
own judgment” (Pennington 26)
and in October 1729, when Elizabeth was only twelve years old, Dr. Carter wrote to her from Bath :
"And I must do you ye Justice to say, yt. Your Manner of writing is praise-worthy I cd. not forbear showing your Letter to Sr. George, who commended it extremely. One of your Age cd. spel so exactly & choose such proper Expressions". (qtd. in Hampshire 17) Pennington 28 has a footnote where a Mr. Pearse, according to Eliza's sister, in response to a question about whether she was married, responded "no, nor never will, only to God." Pennington 29 refers to a letter where Dr, Carter says: "If you intend never to marry, as I think you plainly, intimate in one of your letters, then you certainly ought to live retired, and not appear in the world with an expense which is reasonable upon the prospect of getting a husband, but not otherwise."
Pennington 32 has daddy's advice on Eliza poem by someone else in the Almanack - to clarify author
Dr. Carter’s letters to Elizabeth Carter, written through the years from 8 October 1729 to 26, May 1761, are in a private collection (Hampshire 17)
Dr. Carter Seventeen Sermons on the Following Subjects (1738 - ECCO has Birch's copy)
Siblings: a) wife one (Margaret) - Nicolas, James, Elizabeth, John, Margaret,
b) wife two - Mary and Henry
Sister Margaret was also well educated "being a very good Latin and French, and tolerable Greek and Italian scholar, with some knowledge also in Hebrew" (Pennington 10)
Mom (who had money that got lost in the South Sea bubble) dies when Eliza is 10.
Catherine Talbot (1721-1770) lived with mom and "uncle" Thomas Secker who became Archbishop of Canterbury in 1758 and then died in 1768. Catherine herself died of cancer in 1770 and her mom then gave to Carter a volume that the latter published at her own expense Reflections on the Seven Days of the Week and two years later Essays on Various Subjects. According Pennington in the preface to their correspondence she was taught religion, as well as those languages which are generally a part of female education (French and Italian), and science - astronomy, geography. She knew some Latin and taught herself German (page x). Pennington explains that she was not ugly or stupid, so that was not the reason she was single.Pennington explains that Carter did tell him to use his good judgment to decide what to do with the letters, and they were so well organized and there was nothing bad in them, he thinks they are ok to publish. Indeed, if the "if the purest morality recommended on the best principles; if the vital spirit of Christian Piety, breathed in language always persuasive, and often elegant, can engage the public attentions; then may it be hoped ... that these letters will not have been written in vain. They will at any rate serve as an additional proof, of which happily there are many living examples, that cheerfulness and gaiety are not inconsistent with the strictest virtue, nor the most exemplary piety, with the manners and society of high life" (page xxi).
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Bibliography: Agorni, Mirella. "The Voice of the Translatress: From Aphra Behn to Elizabeth Carter". The Yearbook of English Studies, Vol. 28, Eighteenth-Century Lexis and Lexicography (1998), pp. 181-195
Apetrei, Sarah. Women, Feminism and Religion in Early Enlightenment England, Cambridge University Press (2010)
Bach, Rebecca Ann and Gwynne Kennedy. Feminisms and early modern texts : essays for Phyllis Rackin. Selinsgrove, Pa. : Susquehanna University Press, 2010.
Betham-Edwards, Mathilda. Six life studies of famous women. London : Griffith and Farran ; New York : Dutton, 1880. [Gerritsen collection online].
Clarke, Norma. Dr. Johnson's Women. London ; New York : Hambledon and London, 2000.
Crawford, Patricia. Women and Religion in England 1500-1720. Routledge, 1996.
Dorr, Priscilla. "Elizabeth Carter". Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature, Vol. 5, No. 1 (Spring, 1986), pp. 138-140.
Easton, Celia. “Were the Bluestockings Queer?” The Age of Johnson, Vol. 9, (1998) pp. 257-294.
Eger, Elizabeth. Bluestockings : women of reason from enlightenment to romanticism. Palgrave, 2010.
Elwood, Anne Katharine Curteis.. Memoirs of the literary ladies of England, from the commencement of the last century. London : H. Colburn, 1843. [Gerritsen collection online].
Freeman, Lisa. "A Dialogue: Elizabeth Carter's Passion for the Female Mind" in Women's Poetry in the Enlightenment: The Making of a Canon, 1730-1820. 1999.
Guest, Harriet. "Bluestocking Feminism". Huntington Library Quarterly, Vol. 65, No. 1/2, Reconsidering the Bluestockings (2002), pp. 59-80
Guest, Harriet. Small Change: Women, Learning, Patriotism, 1750-1810. 2002.
Hampshire, Gwen. Elizabeth Carter, 1717-1806: An Edition of Some Unpublished Letters. 2005
Hans, Nicholas. Trends in Education in the Eighteenth Century. Routledge, 1998.
Jeynes, William. International Handbook of Protestant Education. David W. Robinson, 2012.
Kelly, Gary. ed. Bluestocking feminism : writings of the Bluestocking circle, 1738 - 1785, volume II
Mendelson, Sara and Patricia Crawford. Women in Early Modern England. Oxford UP, 1998.
Meyer, Gerald Dennis. The Scientific Lady in England 1650-1760. UC Press, 1955.
Miegon, Anna. "Biographical Sketches of Principal Bluestocking Women." Huntington Library Quarterly, Vol. 65, No. 1/2, Reconsidering the Bluestockings (2002), pp. 25-37
Myers, Sylvia Harcstark. The Bluestocking Circle: Women, Friendship, and the Life of the Mind in Eighteenth-Century England.1990.
O'Brien, Karen. Women and Enlightenment in Eighteenth-Century Britain. Cambridge UP, 2009.
Ruhe, Edward. "Birch, Johnson, and Elizabeth Carter: An Episode of 1738-39." PMLA, 73 (1958)
Thomas, Claudia."Samuel Johnson and Elizabeth Carter: Pudding, Epictetus, and the Accomplished Woman." South Central Review, Vol. 9, No. 4, Johnson and Gender (Winter, 1992), pp. 18-30 Wallace, Jennifer. "Confined and Exposed: Elizabeth Carter's Classical Translations". Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature, Vol. 22, No. 2 (Autumn, 2003), pp. 315-334.
Williams, Carolyn. "Poetry, Pudding, and Epictetus: The Consistency of Elizabeth Carter" in Tradition in Transition: Women Writers, Marginal Texts, and Eighteenth-Century Canon. 1996
Uphaus, Robert and Gretchen M. Foster. The 'Other' Eighteenth Century: English Women of Letters 1660-1800.
Madam Britannia: Women, Church, and Nation 1712-1812
by Emma Major
Women and Religion in England 1500-1720
by Patricia Crawford, Routledge, 1996
Trends in Education in the Eighteenth Century,
By Nicholas Hans, Routledge, 1998
International Handbook of Protestant Education, by William Jeynes, David W. Robinson 2012
Women and Enlightenment in Eighteenth-Century Britain
by Karen O'Brien, Cambridge UP, 2009
"Aside from the domestic sphere, the letters she received from other
noted 'bluestockings', such as Elizabeth Carter and Elizabeth Montagu,
are valuable for the sense they give of the cultivated salon society she
enjoyed. Of Carter, Hamilton wrote: 'She is, I imagine, the most
learned female who ever lived' - although a frank, gossipy letter from
Francis Lord Napier, her guardian's son, gives a rather more irreverent
view. 'She was a fine old Slut,' he writes to Hamilton, 'though bearing
not the least resemblance to a Woman. She had more the appearance of a
fat Priest of the Church of Rome than an English Gentlewoman.' "
This started as a repository for writings, notes, and anxieties about my dissertation. Now it is become an extension of my memory, a place to deposit bits and pieces about things I am working on - lectures and articles - and things I need to find - restaurants and conferences.
The woman in the picture is Hedwig Elisabeth Charlotta.