Sunday, October 07, 2012

For Lisbon

In Cascais:
Casa Das Historias - Paula Rego
 Museu Condes de Castro

Mafra and nearby village Ericeira

Museums in Lisbon:
Palacio da Ajuda
Sao Roque
Palacio de Belem
Museu National de Arte Antigua
Palacio Fronteira (Benfica)
Museu do Azulejos

Neanderthals - Homo Sapiens - Celts - Romans - Visigoths (5th C) - Moorish Rule (711-) - Battle of Sao Mamede (1128) - Afonso I (1179) - Reconquista completed 1250 - Lisbon becomes capital 1255  - John I conquers Ceuta 1415 - Henry the Navigator  (1394-1460) - Treaty of Tordesillas 1494 - Massacre of "new christians" 1506 - Sebastiao (1554-1578) - Spanish Rule 1580 - 1640 - Duke of Braganza becomes John IV 1640 -  Sebastião de Melo, Marquis of Pombal (17-17) - Lisbon earthquake 1755 - Treaty of Paris 1763 (end of Seven Years War) - Brazil declares independence 1822 - 1890 British Ultimatum - Assassination of King Carlos I 1908 - King Manuel II is forced into exile and the First Republic declared 1910 - 1926 the coup d'etat that puts Salazar in power and leads to the Second Republic; Estado Novo - Salazar dies in 1969 and Caetano takes over - The Carnation Revolution that begins the Third Republic 1974 - Macao handed back to China 1999

Rebordelo manuscript
Cecil Roth, "The Religion of the Marranos," The Jewish Quarterly, Vol. XXII, July 1931.
Eduardo Dias, UCLA, Portugal's Secret Jews - The end of an Era, Peregrinacao Publications.
Fontes, Manuel da Costa. "Mais Orações Criptojudias de Rebordelo" Revista da Universidade de Coimbra 1992.

The largest Jewish community of about 300 can be found in Lisbon, where there are two synagogues, one Sephardic, Shaare Tikva and one Ashkenazi, Ohel Yaacov (Ohel Jacob). Lisbon's Jewish community is centered around the Comunidade Israelita de Lisboa, or the Jewish Community of Lisbon, a community center that houses Shaare Tikva.
Ohel Jacob is the only Ashkenazi synagogue in the Iberian Peninsula and was originally established as an Orthodox congregation. The synagogue was inactive for a period, but following its reconstitution in the 1990’s the Bnei-anussim, or children of Marranos, who were interested in returning to Judaism, were welcomed at the Ohel Jacob synagogue.
Ohel Jacob is housed on the second floor of a rundown building at Avenida Elias Garcia 110.  Ohel Jacob will be rededicated on December 17th, 2006. This will be the first synagogue dedication in Portugal since the opening of the Belmonte synagogue in 1997.
Jewish visitors to Lisbon may be interested in visiting the remains of the medieval Jewish quarter and Rossio Square, the site of the Palace of the Inquisition, where 1,300 Jews were burned at the stake. A collection of Jewish tombstones, with inscriptions written in Hebrew, can be found at the Archaeological Museum.
A Jewish community lived in Obidos between the fifth and seventh centuries, when the city was occupied by the Visigoth. Another Jewish community lived there between the eighth and twelfth centuries, while it was under Arab rule. In Obidos’s Jewish quarter, a synagogue can be found that dates to the end of the 12th century.
Also in the Costa de Prata region, in the city of Tomar, an ancient 15th century Jewish synagogue and mikveh, one of the two surviving monuments of medieval Jewish heritage, can be found. The synagogue has become a national museum and features historic remains of medieval Portugese communities.